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Jagadish Chandra Bose - Biography

Jagadish Chandra Bose | Biography

Jagadish Chandra Bose - Biography

Write a biography of Jagadish Chandra Bose based on the hints given below:

    (Hints: Birth: 30 November 1858; parentage: Bhagaban Chandra Bose and Bamasundari Devi; Birth place: Munshiganj, Bangladesh; Education: Faridpur, St. Xavier’s School and College, B.Sc and D.Sc from Cambridge; Career: professor of Presidency College, Kolkata, researched on wireless and plant life – founded Bose Institute in Kolkata; Death: 23rd November 1937)

    Jagadish Chandra Bose (within 150 words)

    Jagadish Chandra Bose was one of the brilliant scientists of the 19th century. He was born on 30 November 1858 in Munshiganj, Bangladesh.

    His parents were Lord Chandra Bose and Bamsundari Devi. He completed his primary education in Faridpur, Bangladesh. Later, he was admitted to St. Xavier's School and College.

    He obtained his BA and BSc degrees from Calcutta University. He did his DSC from Cambridge University.

    On his return from London he became a professor at Presidency College. He invented the radio, the photometer, and the crescographs to prove that the plant had life. He established the Basu Institute in Calcutta.

    He, a devotee of science, left this world on November 23, 1937, living behind a name that never dies.

    Jagadish Chandra Bose (300 words)

    Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose was a biologist, physicist, botanist and early author of science fiction. He had inaugurated the study of radio and microwave optics. Also he had made significant contributions to botany, and laid the foundations of experimental science in the Indian subcontinent. He was called the father of radio science.

    He had invented crescographs to measure plant growth. A hole in the moon has been named in his honor. He founded the Bose Institute, a major research institute in India and one of its oldest. Founded in 1917, the Bose Institute was the first interdisciplinary research center in Asia.

    Bose Institute, the first interdisciplinary research center in Asia

    Born in Munshiganj, Bose graduated from St. Xavier's College, Calcutta (now Kolkata, West Bengal, India) during the Bengal Presidency of India (now in Bangladesh). He went to study medicine at the University of London, England, but could not because of health problems.

    Instead, he conducted his research with Nobel laureate Lord Releg at Cambridge and returned to India. He joined the Presidency College of Calcutta University as a Professor of Physics. In spite of many obstacles in his way of scientific exploration, Bose continued his scientific research.

    He gained huge headway in the investigation of far off remote flagging and was quick to utilize a semiconductor intersection to distinguish radio signs. However, instead of trying to gain commercial advantage from this discovery, Bose made his discoveries public in order to allow others to further develop his research.

    crescograph device

    Bose later discovered several novelties in plant physiology. He used his discovery, the crescograph, to measure the response of plants to various stimuli, and thereby demonstrated scientific parallels between animal and plant tissues.

    To facilitate his research, he created an automatic recorder capable of recording extremely small movements; these instruments produced some amazing results, such as the trembling of injured plants, which Bose described as the power of feeling plants.


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