Header Ads

Indian Independence Day, August 15: Historical Context of India’s Freedom

Indian Independence Day, August 15: Historical Context of India’s Freedom

Indian Independence Day, August 15: Historical Context of India’s Freedom

15 August Independence Day is truly a national day of the Republic of India. Every year Independence Day is celebrated with great fanfare across the country. Starting from Delhi, every state is celebrating this special day. Many heroes-revolutionaries lost their lives to snatch the independence of this republic from the hands of the British. 

    India's independence movement was the fruitless effort of undying martyrs of India. As a result of which India was freed from the hands of the British. But, do you know why the Indian Independence Day is celebrated on August 15? Know its importance and significance.

    👉  Historical Context: Shaping the Road to India’s Independence

    In 1946, the British treasury became empty due to the impact of the Second World War. In such a situation, it becomes impossible for Britain to get any kind of domestic or international help. The British government realized that the British Army had lost the ability or money to deal with the growing political unrest in India. The decision was made to put an end to British rule in India. In early 1947, the British government announced that India would be handed over by June 1948.

    As the time of independence approached, communal tensions between the Hindu and Muslim communities increased. Mindful of the inability of British forces to quell the riots, the then Viceroy of India, Lord Mountbatten brought forward the handover date by seven months. In June 1947, nationalist leaders such as Jawaharlal Nehru, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Mohammad Ali Jinnah, Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar etc. accepted the proposal of partition of India on the basis of religion. Hindu- and Sikh-majority areas were added to India and Muslim-majority areas to the newly formed state of Pakistan; Punjab and Bengal provinces were bifurcated.

    Millions of Muslim, Sikh and Hindu refugees crossed the Radcliffe Line and sought refuge in safer countries. Bloody riots ensued as the Sikh territories in Punjab were bifurcated. Mahatma Gandhi's presence in Bengal and Bihar helped reduce the outbreak of riots to some extent. Despite this, many people were killed in the riots on both sides of the border. On August 14, 1947, the new state of Pakistan was born. Muhammad Ali Jinnah was sworn in as the first Governor-General of Pakistan in Karachi.

    On August 15, 1947, Jawaharlal Nehru declared India's independence by delivering his speech. New Indian Union was born. Jawaharlal Nehru took office as India's first Prime Minister in New Delhi and Lord Mountbatten, became the first Governor-General of independent India.

    👉  Jawaharlal Nehru's Historic Flag Hoisting: The Historic Moment

    After being sworn in as the India's first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru raised the Indian national flag above the Lahori Gate of the Red Fort in Delhi on August 15, 1947. Since then, every year on Independence Day, the Prime Minister of India hoists the national flag at the Red Fort and addresses the nation. Independence Day is celebrated across the country with the singing of the national anthem, hoisting of the national flag, parades and cultural events.

    The entire program was telecast across the country with the help of national channel Doordarshan. Flag hoisting and cultural programs are also organized in state capitals. Various non-governmental organizations also hoisted the flag. On this day, flag hoisting and cultural programs are also held in all schools and colleges. Sweets are distributed everywhere. In the sky, there is joy in the air. Small children take part in a procession dressed up as prominent freedom fighters on this occasion.

    👉  Heroes of Independence: Remembering the Sacrifices

    Khudiram, Prafulla, Masterda Surya Sen, Pritilata, India got full freedom due to the sacrifice of hundreds of thousands of revolutionaries. The importance of this 15th August in the history of India is immense. India achieved independence from the British rule on August 15, 1947. Since then Independence Day is celebrated every year to commemorate this day.

    👉  Embracing the Future: A Call for a New Generation

    Even after 75 years of independence, in this twenty-first century, is the dignity of freedom being fulfilled in democracy? A thousand questions arise in this current social background. Because, violence, discord, conspiratorial politics have become an indicator of the subjugated mentality of independent India. Independent democratic India has been unable at various times to carry the seeds of that blood-stained freedom.

    15th August should not be observed only as a national day but its proper significance should be realized. A new generation has to come forward to free our country from violence and violence.


    Read also:

    👉 Kargil Vijay Divas (Kargil Victory Day) | 26th July, 1999 

    👉 Uniform Civil Code in India | Indian Constitution (Article 44) 

    👉 The Vallecas Case | the First Acknowledged Ghost Case in World History 

    👉 S'accabadora | the mysterious figure of euthanasia in Sardinia 

    👉 Feast of Our Lady of Mount Carmel | July 16  

    👉 World Blood Donor Day| 2023 

    👉 Online Classes | Merits and Demerits 

    Post a Comment